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过去完成时

2021-06-08 编辑 : 哈尔滨纳斯达克国际英语
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过去完成时:

1.构成:had + 过去分词

2.功能:

(1)表示过去某个动作或某个具体时间之前已经发生、完成的动作。“过去的过去”。

?. They had got everything ready before I came.
?. The play had begun before I got to the theater with my boyfriend.

(2)过去完成时常用于 hardly / scarcely ... when, no sooner ... than等固定句型结构中。(此乃超级重点句型,意为:“一……就”)

?. She had hardly / scarcely gone to bed when the bell rang.
?. No sooner had he arrived at the railway station than he met her parents.(注意 no sooner 在句首时句型倒装。)

(3)intend(打算),mean(意味),hope(希望),want(想要),plan(计划)等动词的过去完成时用来表示本打算做而没有做的事。

?. I had intended to call on you yesterday, but someone came to see me just when I was about to leave.
(……原想昨天去看你……)
?. They had planed to hold a football match last week, but they had to cancel it because the bad weather.
(……原计划上周举行一场足球赛……)


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