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英语中的不可数名词

2021-06-08 编辑 : 哈尔滨纳斯达克国际英语
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不可数名词包括抽象名词和物质名词两种,使用不可数名词时要注意以下几点。


1.不可数名词无复数形式,即不能在词尾加-s,要特别注意下列常用常考的一些不可数名词。


information情报,信息 knowledge知识 experience经验


furniture家具 luggage(总称)行李 baggage行李(美语)


equipment设备 jewelry珠宝 advice劝告 exercise运动


traffic交通 homework家庭作业 mail邮件


population人口数 damage损害,损失 idea主意,想法


clothing(总称)衣服 bread面包 paper纸


cloth布 meat肉 glass玻璃 soap肥皂 fruit水果 sugar糖


2.不可数名词前不能直接用a,an,one,two,each,many, several,these, those等词来修饰或限制,如不能说 a mail,而说 a piece of mail,不能说 each furniture,而可说 each piece of furniture;不能说 several luggage,而可说 several pieces of luggage。


3.不可数名词前,根据需要可以加the,some,much, a little,a lot of, a great/ good deal of, a large/ small amount of, a plenty of等词语。如: a lot of traffic交通繁忙, plenty of time充足的时间。


4.不可数名词的计数要用量词或单位词,不能直接加数词。


①information, furniture, mail, luggage, advice, equipment, news, jewelry, paper, bread, glass ,music等不可数名词,根据需要可以用a piece of来计数。如: a piece of furniture一件家具, two pieces of equipment两台设备; several pieces of jewelry几件珠宝,a few pieces of luggage几件行李, those pieces of formation那些情报, many pieces of music许多首曲子。


②milk,oil,water,blood,tea,wine等表示液体的不可数名词以及flour, fruit,rice等物质名词,根据不同情况和需要,可以用 a drop of,a cup of a glass of a bottle of, a bucket of a bag of a bowl of, a basket of, a basin of等词语来计数。如: a drop of blood一滴血, several drops of oil几滴油, two glasses of wine二杯酒, a basin of water一盆水, several bottles of milk几瓶牛奶, three cups of tea三杯茶, a bag of four一袋面粉, four bowls of rice四碗饭, a few baskets of fruit几篮水果。


③butter;bar,oi, sugar,wool, medicine,loth等物质名词,可根据情况与 a pound of, a gallon of, a spoonful of, a teaspoonful of, a yard of等搭配。如: a pound of butter一磅黄油, a gallon of oil一加仑油,five yards of cloth五码布, two pounds of wool两磅毛线, a teaspoonful of sugar一茶匙糖, two spoonfuls of medicine两匙药。


④物质名词可按形状来计数的,常用计量短语 a loaf of, a bar of,a slice of, a lump of, a sheet of, a roll of, a block of等。如: three loaves of bread三条面包, several bars of soap几条肥皂, a slice of meat一片肉,a sheet of paper一张纸, two blocks of ice两块冰。


⑤其它表示计量单位的词还有 a suit of, a set of, an article of,an item of, a pile of, a mass of, a pair of等,如:several suits of clothing几套衣服, a set of furniture-套家具, an item of news一则新闻,two pairs of shoes两双鞋, a mass of sand一堆沙。



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